How a New Power Plant Could Enhance U.S.-Kosovo Relations 

The Republic of Kosovo and New York-based power generator ContourGlobal signed a deal Wednesday for the U.S. company to build a 500-megawatt, coal-fired power plant, the first major energy project in the Balkan country in more than two decades.

Under the $1.5 billion contract, the power plant would replace the “Kosovo A” plant, built in 1962 under the communist Yugoslavian regime. The old, government-owned plant has been distinguished by the World Bank as one of the worst sources of pollution in Europe.

Indeed, Kosovo’s power plant modernization in partnership with the American company is an important step forward,  not only in securing much-needed energy supplies for Kosovars, but in advancing the U.S.-Kosovo relationship.

Since declaring its independence from Serbia in 2008, Kosovo has made notable progress toward stability and development. The once conflict-torn nation has been transitioning, albeit gradually, to a country that stands firmly for “stronger democracy, greater freedom, and growing economic potential.”

According to The Heritage Foundation’s Index of Economic Freedom, Kosovo’s progress toward an open, market-based economy continues, although lingering institutional shortcomings related to the rule of law put downward pressure on its competitiveness.

In a challenging regional economic environment, however, the landlocked economy has outperformed its neighbors.

Read more about Kosovo Economy.
See more from the 2017 Index.

Despite progress, Kosovo’s overall economic development has been notably disadvantaged by lack of a reliable, affordable, and modern supply of energy. Reforming and modernizing the energy sector is a top priority for Kosovo, whose economic growth has been hamstrung by frequent power cuts and an exceptionally high number of energy shortages.

Entrepreneurs and potential investors identify the unreliable energy supply and poor access to electricity as major obstacles to their day-to-day operations and a severe constraint to business expansion. Indeed, more than anything else, the high frequency of power outages and the poor condition of existing power plants have hurt the livelihood of the people of Kosovo.

Building a modern, efficient power plant in Kosovo also offers a unique opportunity to reinforce the young democracy’s evolving bilateral relationship with the U.S. It is further strengthened by the recent signing of a $49 million economic development program with the Millennium Challenge Corporation, a federal agency.

Kosovo has been invited to develop project proposals for U.S. grant agreements that must present a strong case for entrepreneurial growth led by the private sector.

The U.S. was one of the first countries to recognize Kosovo’s independence. Since then, the U.S. has urged other countries to extend diplomatic recognition.

During a meeting with Kosovo President Hashim Thaci at the White House in late September, Vice President Mike Pence unambiguously reconfirmed U.S. support “for a sovereign, democratic, and prosperous Kosovo.”

For all the challenges behind and ahead, Kosovo has been moving forward. Ensuring affordable and widely available energy is an essential building block of facilitating that ongoing progress of economic growth and development.

Securing efficient, reliable energy supplies will be a big step, to which Kosovo’s new deal with ContourGlobal makes an important contribution.

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4 Big Signs of a Trump Economic Recovery

The economic numbers clearly have improved on President Donald Trump’s watch, with unemployment down and consumer confidence stronger.

“We are just getting started,” @POTUS says.

“Economic growth has topped 3 percent,” Trump said Thursday at a White House event while addressing his administration’s reduction in regulations. “Two quarters in a row, except for the hurricanes, we would have almost hit 4 percent, and you remember how we were doing when I first took office.”

Trump also noted a difference between President Barack Obama’s eight years in office and the current outlook.

“This country was going economically down,” he said. “Small business optimism is at its highest point in 34 years, and we are just getting started.”

Trump touted the coming benefits of tax reform, as Republican lawmakers iron out final details of their bill, and noted that his administration so far has killed 22 regulations for every one added. The president’s original executive order called for elimination of two regulations for every new one.

The debate with any president comes with how much credit or blame his policies deserve for the economy’s performance, and how big a factor his immediate predecessor’s policies are.

Some experts are more cautious than others in giving Trump credit.

The National Association of Manufacturers’ survey of members found that 94.6 percent of respondents had a positive outlook for their companies for 2018. That is the best result in the survey’s 20-year-history, and up significantly from the survey done in late 2016, when positive outlook hit 63 percent.

This rosy attitude can be in part attributed to Trump’s policies, said Jay Timmons, president of the manufacturers association.

“Most of our respondents were talking about pro-growth tax policies and getting around the regulatory morass, and those are the two big priorities for manufacturers,” Timmons told The Daily Signal in an in-person interview. “The third priority [for manufacturers] is infrastructure. Those are three big priorities for the administration. This will encourage hiring and investment.”

Consumers are spending more money, but expanding companies’ physical investments–buying a major tool, a truck, a facility–will be the real measurement, said Salim Furth, a research fellow in macroeconomics at The Heritage Foundation’s Center for Data Analysis.

“The good direction of the economy in 2017 is largely a continuation of the strong economy that started in 2014, when we’ve had a huge decrease in energy prices because of fracking and low inflation,” Furth told The Daily Signal in a phone interview.

Attributing economic growth to one president is difficult, but the benefits of fracking–the extraction of fossil fuels from rocks –are clear and provable, Furth said.

“Anticipation of tax policies and regulatory policies can drive the economic outlook, but an administration that lives by the economic numbers dies by the economic numbers,” he said. “Politicians will always put their spin on numbers.”

But Trump should be credited as the “fountainhead of the current economic boom,” said Alfredo Ortiz, president of Job Creators Network, a pro-business advocacy group.

“His long and deeply held commitment to tax cuts and deregulation, among other policies, has given small businesses–and for that matter, all businesses–the confidence and ability to invest, hire, and expand, generating the current economic boom,” Ortiz told The Daily Signal in a written statement. “Now President Trump must continue to leverage his leadership skills to get his policies across the goal line and consolidate these gains.”

Here are four key categories of economic indicators and improvements since Trump took office.

1. Growth Gets Closer to 4 Percent

The gross domestic product grew by 3.3 percent for the third quarter of 2017, as the Trump administration touted the goal of achieving 4 percent growth.

The White House Council of Economic Advisers estimates that without the major hurricanes, growth would have reached 3.9 percent. During Obama’s administration, annual growth never reached 3 percent.

Labor productivity increased by 3 percent in the third quarter, up from 1.5 percent in the third quarter of 2016.

Household wealth jumped by $1.7 trillion to a record $96.2 trillion, according to the White House, and almost 1.4 million Americans dropped off the food stamp rolls since January, when Trump took office.

The unemployment rate fell to 4.1 percent for November, the lowest since President Bill Clinton 17 years ago.

Unemployment claims fell to their lowest level in 44 years, according to the White House, and 12 states–Hawaii, California, Idaho, Texas, Alabama, Maine, Mississippi, Tennessee, Washington, Colorado, North Dakota, and Oregon–reached record low unemployment rates.

2. Stock Market Hits Record Highs

The stock market performed well during the Obama administration, but hit new records under Trump.

The Dow Jones Industrial Average is up over 32 percent since Election Day 2016. On Nov. 30, the Dow closed at over 24,000 points for the first time.

“Because of our regulatory and other reforms, the stock market is soaring to new record levels, 85 [times], not including today. Hopefully, we’ll set another one today, 85 times since election day, creating $5 trillion of new wealth,” Trump said during the White House event. “And the $5 trillion was as of about three weeks ago, so I assume we probably hit $6 trillion almost.”

3. Companies Are ‘Coming Back Fast’

Trump delights in touting examples of companies that are making major new investments in the United States.

“They’re all moving back,” Trump told reporters Thursday. “They’re moving back into our country. Those companies are coming back, and they are coming back fast.”

Some examples during the year include:

  • Foxconn Technology Group announced it was investing $10 billion in Wisconsin to build a factory that will employ 3,000 workers. The company predicted it will benefit another 22,000 workers indirectly.
  • Corning Inc. announced during a White House ceremony with Trump that it was investing $500 million in new U.S. production, creating 1,000 jobs.
  • Broadcom Limited announced at another White House ceremony its plan to move headquarters back to the United States, bringing $20 billion in annual revenue.

4. Healthy Consumer and Employer Confidence

To the degree that the economy is a self-fulfilling prophecy, business leaders, economists, and ordinary Americans seem to be feeling better about the days ahead.

The Conference Board’s Consumer Confidence Index rose for the fifth month in a row in November, to a 17-year high of 129.5.

The Bloomberg Consumer Comfort Index reached a 16-year high.

The Wells Fargo/Gallup Small Business Index found that optimism among small businesses held steady in the third quarter after the biggest increase in decades during the second quarter.

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